Chemical antiscalants are usually used to control scale depositions, a major concern in industry. Some of these products may be harmful towards environment or toxic for humans, so environmentally friendly antiscalant are needed. In this respect, plant extracts can be used as new green antiscalant agents. In this work, stock aqueous solution of Herniaria glabra (H. glabra) was obtained by infusion. H. glabra is used in traditional medicine to treat or prevent urolithiasis; it could be an interesting candidate as a green antiscaling agent.
Antiscalant is a pretreatment water additive for reverse osmosis system that is highly effective in preventing the membranes from scaling. Before the feed water enters the reverse osmosis membrane, an antiscalant is injected into the water and sent the through the system. The chemicals creates a time delay between the bicarbonate and the calcium magnesium. The delay allows the water to pass through the membrane before any chemical reaction, in which scale can form, occurs.
|Appearance||Clear to slightly turbid liquid|
|Viscosity at 25oC||30 -50 CPS|
|Boiling point range||101 -103°C|
|Freezing point range||-1.0°C to -3.0°C|
|Solubility in water||Miscible with water|