Tetrachlorethylene, also known as tetrachloroethylene, perchloroethylene, PCE, or “perc,” is a commonly used solvent (a substance, usually a liquid, capable of dissolving another substance). It has been in commercial use since the early 1900s. A common use of tetrachlorethylene is to dry clean fabrics. It dissolves greases, oils, and waxes without affecting fabrics, which makes it useful for this purpose.
Tetrachlorethylene is also used to clean and degrease metals. Oil and wax are used to shape and polish metal during the manufacturing process. Removing oil, wax, and related substances from the finished products is known as degreasing.
It has also been used in water repellants, paint removers, printing inks, glues, sealants, polishes, and lubricants. Tetrachlorethylene is also used to make other chemicals.
|Appearance||Clear colorless liquid|
|Acidity (as HCl)||max. 0.001%|
|Color (APHA, Pt-Co)||max. 10|
|Assay (GC, on anhydrous basis)||min. 99.8%|
|Residue after evaporation||max. 0.0005%w/w|
|Water (KF)||max. 0.005%w/w|